Urinary Incontinence

May 01, 2019

Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine that happens with laughing, sneezing, coughing or activity, but can also occur with no activity at all. Urinary incontinence is a common issue with women. In Canada 1 in 6 women over the age of 30 have urinary leakage and 1 in 4 women over the age of 40 are affected by this problem. Urinary incontinence is more common in women due to childbirth, changes with menopause, and surgeries such as hysterectomies. Men can also be affected by urinary leakage. Leakage in men is usually associated with aging, weakness of the abdominal and back muscles, or occurs due to prostate issues. Even though it is a common issue it is rarely discussed.

There are 3 main types of urinary incontinence:

1). Stress Urinary Incontinence
Stress incontinence occurs when there is leakage with increased abdominal pressure. This pressure can occur because of coughing, sneezing, laughing, lifting etc…

2). Urge Urinary Incontinence
Urge incontinence occurs when there is leakage that is associated with a strong urge to go to the bathroom. The urge usually comes quick and leakage happens when you cannot make it to the bathroom fast enough.

3). Overflow Urinary Incontinence
This occurs when the body creates more urine than the bladder can hold, or the bladder is unable to empty properly and this leads to a dribble. This dribble can be constant or may only occur at certain times of the day when your bladder has had the chance to fill.

Physiotherapists with specialized training can help treat stress, urge, and overflow incontinence. You will be provided with targeted strengthening techniques, bladder and pelvic floor training, as well as lifestyle/habit changes to help decrease the urinary leakage.

If you are experiencing any bladder leakage book in for a pelvic health assessment with our pelvic health therapist Candace Mazur, MScPT by calling 780-458-8505.


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